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One of the factors President Obama must weigh as he decides whether to send more troops to Afghanistan is the cost — not just in lives, but in dollars. With the economy still struggling, questions exist about how much the U.S. can afford to spend in Afghanistan — and for how long.
Earlier this week, Sen. John Kerry (D-MA), chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, said the war in Afghanistan had already cost a « staggering » $243 billion.
In fact, it is a challenge to calculate exactly how much the U.S. has spent on the war so far.
The Congressional Research Service estimates that since the invasion of Afghanistan eight years ago, the U.S. has spent closer to $227 billion. The Pentagon puts the number at $156 billion.
The variables include which expenses are actually included and whether the total relies on how much Congress has approved for the war compared with what the Pentagon has actually spent.
Michael O’Hanlon, a defense analyst at the Brookings Institution, says one useful way to break down these huge numbers is to look at how much it costs to send just one soldier to war.
« We are at a point where it’s unbelievably costing us close to a million dollars, in additional costs — above and beyond salaries and the equipment that’s already in the inventory — per soldier or Marine per year, » he says.
Fighting in Afghanistan means fighting in one of the most remote regions on Earth, and that plays a large role in the seemingly astronomical figure.
Dov Zakheim, a former chief financial officer for the Defense Department, says the $1 million price tag includes getting the soldier to Afghanistan, getting his equipment to Afghanistan, and moving the soldier around once in the country.
« So, it’s the cost of some allocation of the cost of the plane, some allocation of the cost of the fuel, some allocation of the cost of the pilots, the maintenance folks, » Zakheim explains. « If you focus just on the soldier, it seems outrageous. But if you focus on the support for the soldier — that’s not all that outrageous at all. »

Barack Obama_Afghanistan
The White House has used the $1 million per soldier statistic in private briefings to Congress, and that has obvious implications. If it costs $1 million to send one soldier to war for a year, then sending 40,000 more troops — as the top commander in Afghanistan, Gen. Stanley McChrystal has urged — could cost an extra $40 billion per year, on top of what the U.S. is already spending.
Meanwhile, the Defense Department disputes the $1 million figure and says it probably costs closer to $500,000 to send a soldier to war for a year. A Pentagon spokesman adds that any figure provided by the Defense Department or other sources is « speculative at best. »
What is beyond dispute is that a major troop buildup would get very expensive, very fast.
But O’Hanlon of Brookings says that other options — such as a scaled-back, counterterrorism mission — might not be much cheaper. It would require fewer troops, he says, but it’s not clear when they could ever go home. As a result, he says, the government may spend less per year — but need to do so over a longer period of time.
Ultimately, says Zakheim, the former Pentagon official, wars simply cost an « awful lot of money. »
But he says there is a steep cost to failure in Afghanistan, too. « We shouldn’t be going to war or not going to war because it’s going to cost us more or less. We should be choosing to make those decisions on the basis of the national interest of the United States, » he says.
In other words, Zakheim argues, the president should focus on getting the war strategy right, and then figure out how to pay for it.

by Mary Louise Kelly.

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COSTOFWAR.COM – The Cost of War

Warming up helps your body prepare itself for training both mentally and physically, and reduces the chance of injury. The aims of stretching are to gently lengthen muscles before and after any form of exercise, and to improve tissue elasticity / flexibility. If done correctly, stretching will help prevent injuries and increase athletic performance.

Enjoy this 8 key steps !
_Begin with gradual mobility exercises of all the joints (natural lubrification with synovial fluid).
_Warm up the body prior to stretching (increases blood flow and makes the muscles more supple).
_Slowly bring your heart rate down before you begin stretching (take your time bro).
_Ok, start with your legs, and work up the body, in order not to miss out any of the stretches.
_Feel some slight discomfort, if you don’t feel anything, then you may be doing the stretch incorrectly.
_Hold each stretch for a minimum of 15 seconds.
_Breathing slowly, regulary and rhythmically (do not hold your breath tomato head).
_Stop immediately if you feel any severe pain, Plastic Man.

Mission : 10 minutes for warm-up and 20 minutes for stretching.
Yes brother ! 30 minutes to be ready.
During cold weather make sure you spend more time warming up.

Perform this sequence of stretches only after you have warmed up the muscles.

L’art du déplacement de Jackie Chan est une source d’inspiration majeure pour les guerriers urbains contemporains.
Intemporels, ses mouvements sont fluides, puissants et largement inspirés des animaux certes, mais aussi des acteurs de films muets du début du siècle tel Harold Lloyd, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin et surtout Buster Keaton.

Pour arriver à ce niveau extraordinaire de précision et de proprioception, Jackie Chan à commencé l’entraînement à 7 ans avec au programme, Kung-Fu, cascades, cirque et théâtre.

UFC 102

Bruce Lee punching what appears to be a 75 lb heavy bag ! Wouch !

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